Inside the guide

The guide below is the last printed edition for Australia & New Zealand which compares 200 products. The latest 6th edition compares 1600 products out of the America’s which noted Usana as the leader. The guide can be purchased at Amazon here. Due to copyright laws we can only display a limited insight in the guide below.


This comparative guide has been developed to assist the public in sorting through the maze of nutritional supplements available today. The guide does not endorse any product or manufacturer, nor does it make any health claims. It simply documents and summarizes recent findings in the scientific literature. Those manufacturers listed in our Top-Rated Products section of the guide have been profiled to provide the consumer with information on leading manufacturers and their products. NutriSearch did not request nor did it receive remuneration from any of these manufacturers-this information is provided by NutriSearch as a public service to readers of this guide and to consumers throughout Australia and New Zealand.

This comparative guide was not commissioned by any public or private body, trade association, or individual company. Research and development of the guide was made possible through the combined creative efforts of NutriSearch Corporation (Canada) and author, Lyle Mac William, MSc, FE All costs for the research, development, and publication of the guide have been borne by NutriSearch Corporation and its publisher, Northern Dimensions Publishing (Canada).

For purposes of analysis, this guide uses an independent analytical standard developed by NutriSearch Corporation. To avoid the introduction of any potential bias on the part of NutriSearch or the author, the NutriSearch Blended Standard incorporates the published recommendations of 12 independent and leading authorities in nutritional science. Using a median value of daily intakes as recommended by these authorities, the NutriSearch Blended Standard is, to our knowledge, the only independent standard currently available for comparing nutritional supplements .


I don't want to achieve immortality through my work.I want to achieve immortality through not dying.
- WoodyAllen

                                                                                        CHAPTER 1:

                                                                        CASE FOR SUPPLEMENTATION

Insufficient vitamin intake is apparently a cause of chronic diseases. Recent evidence has shown that suboptimal levels of vitamins (below standard), even well above those causing deficiency syndromes, are risk factors for chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and osteoporosis. A large portion of the general population is apparently at increased risk for this reason.

( Dr Robert Fletcher, and Dr Kathleen Fairfield )

The American Medical Association (AMA) now encourages all adults to supplement daily with a multiple vitamin. Based on a landmark review of 38 years of scientific evidence by Harvard researchers, Dr Robert Fletcher and Dr Kathleen Fairfield, the conservative Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) has rewritten its policy guidelines regarding the use of vitamin supplements. In a striking departure from its previous anti-vitamin rhetoric, JAMA (June 19,2002) now recommends that, given our nutrient-poor modern diet, supplementation each day with a multiple vitamin is a prudent preventive measure against chronic disease. 1, 2 The researchers point out that more than 80% of the American population does not consume anywhere near the five to eight servings of fruits and vegetables required each day for optimal health.

The JAMA declaration also highlights a growing concern among nutrition experts that the current recommended intakes for vitamins and minerals are too low. During World War II, the US military established the Recommended Dietary Allowances, also known as the RDAs, to prevent vitamin-deficiency disorders. The RDAs were subsequently adopted by several countries. In recent years, however, strong evidence supporting the need for higher levels of intake to maintain optimal health has prompted many countries to revise these recommendations. Regrettably, the Nutrient Reference Values (recently adopted by Australia and New Zealand) and the Dietary Reference Intakes (recently adopted by the United States and Canada) still fall short of the optimal levels of intake of some nutrients needed for prevention of chronic disease states.

When it comes to prevention, the importance of a well-balanced diet, high in fruits and vegetables, is as paramount as ever. Avoiding high-calorie, low-nutrition, over-processed, fast foods takes considerable effort, given our busy modern lifestyle. Prudence dictates that we make conscientious choices to optimize our nutritional needs. In a perfect world, all the vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and important plant-based nutrients required to meet our daily needs would be provided in the food we eat. Today, it is necessary to fortify our diets with high-quality nutritional supplements to replenish our bodies with these missing nutrients.

Dr Robert Fletcher, co-author of the groundbreaking JAMA studies, states:

All of us grew up believing that if we ate a reasonable diet, that [sic] would take care of our vitamin needs. But, the new evidence, much of it in the last couple of years, is that vitamins also prevent the usual diseases we deal with every day–heart disease, cancer, osteoporosis, and birth defects.

The diseases Fletcher mentions are not illnesses that you “catch,” as you would the flu or the common cold. These are diseases of lifestyle, the consequences of years of neglect and abuse to the nutritional needs of the human body.Their onset is slow,most often completely unnoticed; but once set into motion, these disease processes unleash a cascade of harmful events that result in degeneration of the tissues and organs of the body. For this reason, they are known collectively as degenerative disease.

Degenerative Disease

While science and technology have increased our lifespan dramatically over the past few centuries, they have failed to secure for us the holy grail of long-term health. If you are part of the post-war baby boom generation or younger, chances are very good that you will make it to that cherished centennial milestone. Chances are also very good that you will live with some form of degenerative disease that promises to rob you of the pleasure of those golden years. Ironically, it seems we have slain the dragons of infectious disease only to find that our own lifestyle has now become our mortal enemy. The sad fact is, living longer allows our dietary and lifestyle choices to create the circumstances of today’s most common causes of death.

Degenerative diseases include today’s three major killers-heart disease, cancer, and stroke. Arthritis, diabetes, osteoporosis, lupus, fibromyalgia, inflammatory bowel disorder, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases are but a few of the many other forms of chronic disorders that share a common cause. Their onset is slow; their progression a process of stealth. Our bodies give little indication that we are heading down a path that will lead to cancer, heart disease, or stroke. In fact, one third of initial heart attacks are fatal. The first warning of heart disease, for these people, is their only warning-not much of a chance for lifestyle change.

Degenerative diseases are chronic diseases, for which there is no immediate recovery and rarely a complete cure. A degenerative disease is a life sentence, in most cases stealing years from its victims or sentencing them to a lifetime of needless suffering and pain.

Research conducted in 2006 by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare’ revealed that 77% of Australians had at least one long-term (chronic) health condition. Surprisingly, 10% of children under 14 years and 80% of adults over 65 years of age had three or more chronic ailments. Major chronic diseases, lead by heart disease, now account for over 50% of all non-accidental deaths in Australia.

A Portrait of Health, the New Zealand Health Survey conducted in 2002103, also isolated heart disease as the leading cause of mortality, with coronary heart disease accounting for approximately 25% of all New Zealand deaths.’

The importance of a healthful lifestyle in relation to chronic disease is stressed by both the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and the New Zealand Ministry of Health. In fact, two out of every five deaths each year are due to nutrition-related risk factors. The effects of diet, including cholesterol, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI) and the lack of adequate vegetable and fruit consumption, rank foremost among the top 20 causes of death, along with insufficient physical activity.

The New Zealand  study reveals that:

  1. one-third of adult New Zealanders do not consume the recommended three or more servings of vegetables each day;
  2. almost one-half of adults do not consume the recommended two or more servings of fruit daily;
  3. one-quarter of adults participate in less than 2.5 hours of physical activity per week;
  4. one-third of adults are overweight;
  5. one-fifth of adults are clinically obese, having a BMI greater than 30; and V more than half of all adults have gained 10 kg or more since age 18.

Australia, however, trumps these results. In the report on Chronic diseases and associated risk factors in Australia, 2006, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare concludes.

  • more than 85% of adults are not consuming enough vegetables;
  • Chronic Diseases and Associated Risk Factors in Australia, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra, Nov, 2006.

A Portrait of Health: Key Results of the 2002103 New Zealand Health Survey, Ministry of Health, Wellington, 2004.

  1. almost 50% of adults are not consuming enough fruit;
  2. one-half of adults are not getting sufficient physical activity; and V 54% of adults are overweight or obese.

The Institute concludes, “Chronic diseases are largely preventable. Adopting healthy behaviours such as controlling body weight, eating nutritious foods, avoiding tobacco use, controlling alcohol consumption and increasing physical activity can prevent or delay the development of many chronic diseases.” (For the full report, see

As it is in Australia and New Zealand, so it is throughout the industrialized world; sinister forces are in play, threatening the long-term health of each nation and its people. These forces are, in turn, a reflection of dietary and lifestyle choices that are fast tracking us toward a global epidemic of degenerative disease.

The Roots of Degenerative Disease

Over the past several decades, scientists have attempted to ferret out the causes of degenerative disease. Unlike infectious diseases, which present a clear and present danger to the body, chronic disease processes are exceedingly subtle. Like stealth fighters, they pass beneath our radar screens until well advanced.

A good example is cancer, which is often well advanced by the time it is discovered. At the beginning of the 20th Century, the lifetime risk of contracting cancer was 1 in 100; today that risk is 1 in 3. Once diagnosed, your chance of survival drops to less than the flip of a coin. Contemporary


The preservation of health is a duty. Few seem conscious that there is such a thing as physical morality.
Herhert Spencer

In conducting the research for this Consumer Edition of the Comparative Guide to Nutritional Supplements, we examined over 200 nutritional supplements available throughout Australia and New Zealand. From this, 203 products representing 49 manufacturers qualified as multiple vitamin/mineral supplements. No products were eliminated because they
exceeded the Upper Limits of intake. All products ~ were evaluated using, the Blended Standard f (described in Chapter 2) and the product rating criteria for single and combination products (described in Chapter 3).
Graphical comparisons are completed for the top-rated products) from each manufacturer. If the top product is gender- or country specific, more than one comparison from that manufacturer may be displayed.

The comparisons are divided into two categories:single products and combination products. The graphs are shown in the following chapter.Of the 191 single products evaluated in this guide, the product of only one manufacturer, representing a miniscule 0.5% of those evaluated, was awarded the NutriSearch Gold Medal of ‘achievement.” Of the 12 combination products,the product of only one manufacturer, representing 8% of those evaluated, was awarded the NutriSearch Gold Medal of Achievement.

                                                                            Going for the Gold

To reach a five-star Final Product Rating is a significant accomplishment for a nutritional manufacturer; however, it does not tell the whole story.With any dietary supplement, the single most important factor is quality. Product quality is, in turn, a reflection of the quality-control practices (GMP) employed in a product’s manufacture and in the verification of identity, potency, and purity of ingredients, right from the raw materials to the finished goods.
Only one manufacturer in our Top-Rated products successfully verified product content and potency through independent laboratory testing to ensure that what is on the label is really in the bottle. The products manufactured by this company proudly display the NutriSearch GOLD Medal of Achievement superimposed upon the graphs of their Health Support Profile, provided in Chapter 6.

For ease of comparison, all products are listed alphabetically, along with their star rating, in Chapter 7. For a complete description of our NutriSearch Medal of Achievement Program, ~ please see the complete edition of the NutriSearch Comparative Guide to Nutritional Supplements,'” 4th (Professional) Edition, or visit our web site at

                                           Editor’s Choice Award

Producing  a Top- Rated product, according to the science-based  criteria set out in the Comparative Guide to Nutritional  Supplements, is proof of a company’s commitment   to  product  quality.  However,  several non-scientific factors also exemplify leadership in the industry and commitment to both consumer and community.

As an added feature in this and future editions of the Comparative Guide, we profile one of our Top- Rated manufacturers through our Editor’s Choice Award. This award steps beyond the science-based criteria of product formulations and looks at the company in its public role as a Corporate Good Citizen. Excellence in product quality and excellence in corporate citizenship, taken together, provide the consumer with tangible assurance of quality, integrity, and leadership.

                                                        NUTRISEARCH EDITOR’S CHOICE AWARD

                                         USANA Health Sciences

USANA Health Sciences Inc., a manufacturer of high quality nutritional and personal care products, is awarded the NutriSearch Editor’s Choice Award for companies in the direct sales marketplace. The company < was founded in 1992 by Dr Myron Wentz,
a noted pioneer in cellular nutrition and 2007 recipient of the Albert Einstein Award for Outstanding Achievement in the Life Sciences. USANNA’S mission is to provide the highest quality health products based on proven science. USANA ® products are distributed by a sales force of independent Associates around
the world. USANA products are manufactured in the company’s own state-of-the-art facility, which is registered with the FDA as a pharmaceutical manufacturer. USANA voluntarily follows Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) for pharmaceuticals as the basis for its quality assurance program, meaning it treats nutritional supplements with the same care that goes into the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals. To ensure safety and consistency, USANA products are tested at every stage of the manufacturing process to meet precise quality standards.

The company’s manufacturing facility has been certified to be in compliance with:

  • NSF International dietary supplement GMP requirements set forth in NSF /ANSI Standard 173-2006, including finished product testing
  • V Australia’s Therapeutic Goods Administration

Canada’s Natural Health Products Directorate As an Australian suppler, USANA’s Essentials’?” and HealthPak 100™ have been evaluated and approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration to ensure they meet GMP standards for listed 5.6 Top-RATED PRODUCTS medicines. USANA products have also been evaluated and approved by, a leading provider of independent test results for dietary supplements. Guaranteed to meet United States Pharmacopoeia (USP) specifications for quality, potency, and disintegration, every supplement produced by the company carries a potency guarantee which ensures that what is on the label is actually in the bottle.To backstop its quality assurance claim, USANA pioneered an elite athlete guarantee that will compensate an athlete up to $1 million should that athlete test positive for any substance banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency as a result of taking USANA nutritional products. USANA is the official health supplement supplier to many worldclass athletic teams, including the USA and Canada speed skating teams, Mexico’s Pachuca soccer club, and the Sony Ericsson WTA Tour.
USANA supplements have been tested and found free of prohibited substances by HFL
Sony Ericsson Sport Science, the testing lab for Informed Choice and Informed-Sport, and they are also approved to carry NSF’s trusted Certified for Sport Mark. Honouring the values of integrity, excellence, and community, USANA has demonstrated a strong commitment to improving the lives of people at home and abroad. Employees at the company’s home office raise funds and devote time to tutoring ~ local middle school students. .. Globally, the company and ln support of its independent Associates CHILDREN’S HUNGER FUND@ have donated over $6 million “Serving children in need…across America and around the world: in cash and supplements to Children’s Hunger Fund, a charity serving needy children and families worldwide. The company enthusiastically works on behalf of its employees to create a positive work environment and support community-based health and wellness initiatives. In recognition of these efforts, USANA has repeatedly been named one of the “Best Companies to Work For” in the state of Utah and honored for its outstanding wellness programs.
As part of the global community, USANA practices responsible environmental stewardship.

In 2006, the company established itself as a role model for operating an environmentally responsible business. As part of this initiative, USANA implemented a comprehensive environmental management system and became a founding reporter of the Climate Registry by voluntarily monitoring and reporting emissions. Ranked #5 as “One of the Best 200 Small Companies in America”by Forbes magazine in 2005 and as a top revenue growth company by Mountain West Capital Network in 2007 and 2008, USANA (NASDAQ USNA) is increasingly recognized as an innovative leader in the nutritional and direct sales industries. The company looks forward to future growth as it expands into additional international markets.

                                                Recently Usana upgraded their Essentials to CellSentials.

                                               PRODUCT RATINGS

                                                                 Sorted Alphabetically by Product Name


Lyle MacWilliam, MSc, FP

President, NutriSearch Corporation.

Author, educator and biochemist, Lyle MacWilliam is president and CEO of NutriSearch Corporation, a Canadian company serving the needs of the natural health products industry.

As a consultant and public advocate for the industry, Mr. MacWilliam’s scientific, communication, and research skills have been solicited by several agencies. He is a contributory writer for Life Extension Foundation, a non-profit agency dedicated to

the scientific exploration of optimal health and longevity. His creative works, including the popular Comparative Guide to Nutritional Supplements (now available in Spanish, French, and Chinese) and the Comparative Guide to Children’s Nutritionals are used by leading nutritional manufacturers and healthcare professionals to provide consumers with reliable tools with which to sort through the maze of nutritional supplements on the market today.

Mr. MacWilliam has also served as a consultant with Health Canada, Environment Canada, Human Resources Development Canada, and the British Columbia Science Council; he is currently engaged as a scientific consultant for nutritional manufacturers in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Mr. MacWilliam is also a member of the Society of Industry leaders, an international organization dedicated to bringing together authorities from all fields in a global network connecting industry veterans and academia professionals with institutional investors.

A former Canadian Member of Parliament and Member of the Legislative Assembly for British Columbia, Mr. MacWilliam served at the behest of Canada’s federal Minister of Health to help develop a new regulatory framework for natural health products, ensuring Canadians access to safe, effective, and high quality nutritional supplements.

An accomplished martial artist, Mr. MacWilliam is passionate about personal fitness and health. His written works hit hard at today’s lifestyle and dietary patterns and their role in the development of degenerative disease. His scientifically rigorous, no-nonsense delivery, served with a touch of humor, has earned him praise internationally as a sought-after speaker on the importance of optimal nutrition and lifestyle.

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Alive Multi-Vitamin

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Best Multivitamin USANA CellSentials® Pack

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Prenatal CellSentials™

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Thorne Basic Nutrients IV

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Total Balance Unisex Premium

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Ultra Mega Gold

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USANA Vitamin C

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USANA Vitamin D

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USANA Vitamin E

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USANA Vitamin K2

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